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    俏木兰广场舞拜新年:八年级基础知识归纳整理

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    以下哪个关于南天国的说法不正确 www.edufish.cn  1.下列状况用延续性动词 ①for+一段时刻
     ?、?since+曩昔的时刻
      延续性动词的现在完成时  since  时间短性动词的一般曩昔时
     ?、?how long
      2. have/ has gone to 表明去了还没有回      where
      have/ has been to 表明去了回来了  去过 + 词数(how many times,  twice…)
      have/has been in/at  since…  for…..   how long
      3. how long多长时刻  for+一段时刻    
      since+时刻点
      how soon多久今后  (in a weentil next week)
      how often多久一次  (once a year/ every day,often, never, every other day)
      when      (无现在完成时not until)
      how many/how much  ( none)
      how far     多远 
      five miles
      about 15 minutes’ bus ride
      It takes ten minutes to walk there.
      4.must be表明必定猜想    必定是
      can’t be表明否定猜想   不可能是
      may be= can be表明不确定  可能是
      might                 not sure/ certain 
      must            必定      mustn’t   制止   
      should          应该 
      can               可以 
      may/might  可能      not sure/certain
      5.去某地休假 go to sp. for a/ the/ one’s holiday
      去休假 go on holiday---be on holiday
      6.①曩昔常常做某事 
      used to do sth.---didn’t use to do sth.
      Did sb. use to do sth.
      曩昔曾经有 There used to be +n.
     ?、谙捌谀呈?be/get used to sth.
      习气这儿的日子be/get used to life here
      习气于做某事be/get used to doing sth.
      7. It is/ has been +一段时刻 since …..
      It will be +一段时刻 before…..
      can be/ could be/ must be/ was…
      8.去北京出差(去了还没回)
      have/has gone to Beijing on business
      去北京出差(去了现已回)
      have/has been to Beijing on business
      在北京出差  be in Beijing on business
      出国 (去了还没回)have/ has gone abroad
      出国(去了现已回) have/ has been abroad
      在国外      be abroad
      9.a little/ a bit/ a little bit + adj.
      a little/ a bit of + n.
      10.①使或人/某物… make sb./sth.+ adj.
      使我很高兴 make me happy
      使教室整齐make the classroom tidy
     ?、谑棺瞿呈?hellip; make it + adj. to do sth.
      使进出城愈加便当 
      make it even easier to travel to and from the city
      11. see sb do sth  现已、常常, often, 全过程
      时间短动词(happen)
      see sb doing sth 正在,片段  
      when, at 8:00, at that time
      12.nothing 表明物      what
      nobody/no one 表明人  who
      none表明数量  how many/ how much
      咱们中没有人 none of us
      咱们中每个人 every  one of us
      13.the number of…  …的数量 奇数
     ?、賂he number of the students is big/large/small.
     ?、赥he number of the students in Class 1 is larger than that of those in Class 2.
      a number of…  许多…= a lot of…复
      14.①find(发现) sth./sb.+adj.
      发现这道题很简单
      find the problem easy
      发现狗死了
      find the dog dead---be found dead
     ?、趂ind that+语句(主语+谓语动词)
      He found that the door was closed.
      He found the door closed
      (that) the door was closed.
     ?、踗ind(找到)…adv.
      find the lost cat easily
     ?、趂ind
      make
      think    it +adj. + to do sth.
      feel
      ◆ make/feel it+adj.+to do sth.
      ◆ find /think it is +adj.+to do sth.
      found/thought it+adj.+to do sth.
      found /thought it was +adj.+to do sth.
      15.①little  几乎没有  否定
      a little 一点   必定
      few   几乎没有  否定
      a few 一些  必定
      固定用法  very little/few
      only a little/a few
     ?、趌ittle   少的 + 不n.  little bread
      小的+可n.  a little cat
      so little+不n.      这么少
      such little+可n.复   这么小
      such a little+可n.单
      e.g. so little education 这么少的教育
      such little sheep  这么小的绵羊
      such a little mistake 这么小的过错
      16.not only A but (also) B 不只A并且B
      both A and B  A和B两者都
      neither A nor B   A和B两者都不
      either A or B  要么A要么B
      A together with B    A和B  
      A along with B   A和B
      A as well as B   A和B
      A except B  A除了B
      A but B  
      the police 复数
      the Green family=the Greens 复数
      the couple 配偶 复数
      James   奇数
      A or B  A或B     not A but B不是A就是B
      17.all   三者或三者以上都  复数
      none  三者或三者以上都不 奇数或复数
      both  两者都  复数
      neither  两者都不 奇数
      either  两者中任何一个 奇数
      any   三者或三者以上任何一个  奇数
      every   每一个   奇数
      each   每一个   奇数 
      half   两者中的一半
      18.再两个苹果 two more apples
      another two apples
      再一个苹果 one more apple
      another apple
      再百分之四 four more percent
      another four percent
      再一些 some more +可复数/ 不n.
      再许多much more + 不n.   
      much more water
      many more +可复数    
      many more people
      19.some用在必定句中
      any用在否定和一般疑问句中
      假如一般疑问句表明恳求或主张用some
      必定句顶用any表明任何(一个)
      something 某事
      anything 任何事
      nothing 没什么事
      everything 全部
      20.①when什么时分+各种时态
      when当…时分 主将从现、主过从过
      when to do sth.什么时分做某事
      when doing sth.作为某事
     ?、趇f 假如+一现    主将从现   
      if是否+各种时态         
      if…any 
     ?、踫ince自从+时间短一过
      since已然、因为+各种时态
      21.①too much+不n.  too much milk
     ?、趘.+too much   
      eat too much   worch
     ?、踡uch too+ adj./adv.  
      much too fat
     ?、躷oo many+可n. 复  
      too many stomachs
      If too much is eaten (eat)
      I wonder how much heavier (heavy) I’m getting. 
      22.  sleep---slept---slept  
      sleepy/ asleep
      feel sleepy  (felt  felt)
      fall asleep   (fell  fallen)  
      be asleep
      23.成婚   A marry B
      A get/be married to B
      A and B get married
      She married the man.
      She got married to the man.
      She and the man got married.
      She didn’t know what kind of man she married/
      got married to.
      24.with+① 介词短语
      The teacher came into the room with a smile on her face.
     ?、?adj.
      He likes to sleep with the windows open/closed.
     ?、?doing(表明自动)
      He fell asleep with a book lying open on his knees.
      25.百/千
      two/several hundred/thousand trees
      (many) hundreds/thousands of trees
      two hundred/thousand of the trees
      two hundred/thousand of them
      26.on ① 日期      on June 9th
     ?、?day      on Sunday
     ?、?气候      on a cold morning
      in    月份、年、时节、一天中的一部分
      on the morning of October 2nd
      in the morning on October 2nd 
      27.the third…   第三…    (着重是第三个)
      a third…       又一、再一…  
      After eating two apples, he ate ________________.
      I have seen this film three times and I want to see it ____
      28.祈使句答复:
      --Don’t do sth.   --OK/Sorry/No, I won’t.
      --Do sth.  --OK/Yes, I will.
      29.---Do you mind my opening the window?
      ---______________. It’s too hot.
      ---Are you sure you don’t mind my opening the window?
      ---______________. It’s too hot.
      (---Are you sure you’ve got everything ready?
      ---_______________, though I’ve checked everything.
      A. I’m afraid so. B. Yes, I’m sure
      C. Sorry, I hope not.  D. I’m afraid not.)
      30.home/here/there/where 前不加介词
      回家/去那儿  go home/there
      去温暖的当地 go somewhere warm
      没当地去/住  have nowhere to go/live
      go somewhere warm/ relaxing 


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